Zoo – Varna was opened for visitors in 1961 with 9 species of animals on a territory of 23,400 decares. One of the first inhabitants of the new zoo was the bear Maxim, a present from the commander of Georgi Dimitrov destroyer. Ten years later the zoo had about twenty species of animals and birds, and today – 72 species. It has served as a rescue center since 2003. For the period 2003 – 2008 about 40 protected species of birds and small mammals were saved, healed and brought back into the wild. The zoo has a good equipment for waterfowl with three cascading ponds where birds are practically in freedom amidst the lush vegetation.
Approximately 17 protected species of animals and birds live in the zoo. Together with the Regional Inspection of Environment and Waters – Varna, the zoo keeps track of the number, population and bringing back to nature animals that can exist independently.
Aquarium Varna is a center for popularization of the Black Sea flora and fauna and of the hydrological and hydro-chemical characteristics of the Black Sea.
The living exhibition of the aquarium includes representatives of all groups of the Black Sea fauna. The largest in number are the species from the Mediterranean complex, which came through the Bosphorus. The Black Sea fish fauna includes about 140 species, of which sprat, scad, mackerel, belted bonito, turbot, Danube herring, anchovy, different kinds of grey mullet, goby and others, have important economic significance.
The exhibition presents many types of freshwater fish and some exotic species.
In the other two exhibition halls, you can see stuffed representatives of the World Ocean, track fish migration, and visually examine the food chain in sea waters, structure and characteristics of the Black Sea.
Nikolai Kopernik Astronomical Observatory and Planetarium
The first astronomical complex in Bulgaria was officially opened on May 22, 1968. It consists of an observatory, a planetarium and a tower with a Foucault pendulum. Nikolai Petrov was the Director of the observatory from its opening to 1989.
In 1971 it started the building of an affiliated astronomical observatory in Avren village. Kanopus Youth Astronomy Club was organized at the observatory. Every year, since 1973, Varna Observatory has organized a National Youth Astronomy Conference.
– St. Nikolai Chudotvorets Church
– National Revival Alley